Gwalior (About this sound pronunciation (help·info)) is a historical and major city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is located to the south of Agra, 319 kilometres (198 mi) south of Delhi the capital city of India, and 423 kilometres (263 mi) north of Bhopal, the state capital. Gwalior occupies a strategic location in the Gird region of India, and the city and its fortress have served as the center of several of historic northern Indian kingdoms. It is famous for Gwalior Fort, which has changed hands many times. From the Tomaras in the 8th century, it passed to the Mughals, then the Marathas under the Scindias (1754).
Besides being the Administrative Headquarters of Gwalior district and Gwalior division, Gwalior also hosts some administrative offices of Chambal Division. Gwalior also hosts several Administrative Headquarters of the State as well the Country; Few of them are The High Court of Madhya-Pradesh (Gwalior Bench), Office of The Narcotics Commissioner of India (Central Bureau of Narcotics), Office of The Accountant-General (AG) of Madhya-Pradesh, Office of The President-Board of Revenue of Madhya-Pradesh, Office of The Transport-Commissioner of Madhya-Pradesh, Office of The Commissioner-Land Records & Settlements Madhya-Pradesh, Office of The State Excise Commissioner of Madhya-Pradesh etc. Gwalior also hosts Premiere Government Institutions like Defense Research & Development Establishment(DRDE), Country’s only Border Security Force (BSF) Academy, National Cadet Corps (NCC) Officer’s Training Academy(OTA). Gwalior also features a major Indian Air Force (IAF) Station, A major Indian Army Cantonment (Morar Cantt.), Central Intelligence Bureau HO. Numerous Colleges and Universities are located in Gwalior including NRIITM Gwalior, IIITM Gwalior & IITTM Gwalior.
Gwalior is surrounded by industrial and commercial zones of neighbouring districts (Malanpur – Bhind, Banmor – Morena) on all three main directions. Gwalior is one of the largest city of Central India and is often referred to as the tourist capital of the Madhya-Pradesh; The State being called as The Heart of Incredible India.
Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gwalior